Backyard Farmer Presents Lifestyle Gardening | NET Nebraska


(upbeat, lively music) – Hello everyone and welcome to the final Lifestyle
Gardening for this year. I’m Kim Todd and today
we’re going to take a look at cutting back
perennials, or not. More garden trends and
we’ll talk to Randy Wolf from Campbell’s Nursery
about honey berry or haskap. We’ll start today’s
program by hearing from Matt Sousek about one
of the most frequently asked questions on Backyard
Farmer, “when do I put down my pre-emergent
herbicide on my lawn. Matt gives us the solution
to this perennial question and other tips on
spring weed control. (upbeat music) – One of the most important
topics that we talk about every year when it
comes to pre-emergents, and their timing, and what
to use and how to apply them, so I’m just gonna kinda lay
out some steps on looking at various pre-emergent
timings, applications, methods, different types,
granulars, sprayables. So there’s a bunch of different
options that you can use. But the main thing is there’s
probably three products that we use for pre-emergents and the biggest target
would be crabgrass. That being said,
prodiamine, pendimethalin, and dithiopyr are the three
most common that we use for crabgrass control. And the reason that
crabgrass is one of the most important ones
that we want to control is because if we do
nothing for that weed, it does a very good job
and it’s pretty persistent and we don’t see it
until it’s too late and then it takes over our
thinned out areas in the lawn. So one thing we want to
make sure we do is target that first weed and then
it’s gonna pick up on some of the others. So when looking at some of
the different herbicides, they do have different
modes of action. With the prodiamine
and pendimethalin, they’re strictly
pre-emergent herbicides so if we’re looking at
controlling crabgrass we wanna be putting that
down before it germinates. And in Nebraska, May
one, anytime before that typically is a great
time to control that with those two products. Now getting into the dithopyr, that products actually
has post control so we can apply it to crabgrass
that’s two to three leaf or even one tailer if we
get a good application at the high rate. So that one you can
actually put down later. If we wait til me see crabgrass, say when it’s in the
one to two leaf stage, then we know we should start
getting that product out. And it’s gonna control
crab grass when it’s already germinated and up. And a lot of times these
products aren’t only sprayable, they’re carriers
with fertilizers, so that we are looking
at how much fertilizer we’re putting down of
these products as well. So typically in the spring
if we’re applying May one, we really don’t need
that much nitrogen, so targeting a half a
pound to three quarters of a pound would be plenty. So if you’re putting a
pre-emergent product down, you wanna make sure
that you are aware of how much nitrogen
you’re putting down to get the right rate of
the pre-emergent herbicide. Not only is there
crabgrass to worry about, but there’s other weeds. A lot of broad leaf
weeds and annual grasses that are germinating at the
same time or shortly after like goose grass, fox tail
are two that are pretty common in Nebraska and
can be a problem. The problem with those is that
they’re a bigger seeded types and we do want to get a good
pre-emergent layer down, let’s say a high rate
at an optimal time in order to control those. And one way to do that is
to do split applications. So if we’re applying
early in the year, let’s say April 15,
let’s say come June one, that pre-emergent might
not be as effective so if we go split
applications where we’re putting two
half rates down, we might have a better
chance at controlling some of those tougher
to control weeds. So with looking at just
your general recommendations here in Nebraska, a
single application May one and depending on the year,
nothings written in stone, so watch the weather. If we have a cooler spring, that can be pushed back. It’s not all date specific. So you wanna watch that and
it’s okay to change your plans, just have one going forward. – Matt’s last point about checking the
current weather conditions also holds true for
soil temperature. Most pre-emergents
are only effective when the soil temps have been
consistently above 55 degrees when the crabgrass
seeds germinate. Traditionally in Nebraska that
means the last week in April or the first week in May. For our last landscape lesson, we return to the theme
this year of garden trends. And what we’re going to focus on today is really
not a trend per se, but really a good idea. Let’s take a few minutes
to talk about do it for me, which means how in the
world do you get someone to do what you want them to do on your landscape if you
don’t want to do it yourself. (soft, upbeat music) One of the garden
trends that I want to talk about now is one called Do it for me, which is totally different
than do it yourself or do it with me. This is one that has
really gained traction both with younger viewers,
our younger audience and some of the ones
that are getting to be a little bit older and just simply either
have done that, gone there, been there and don’t
want to do it themselves. So, let’s talk about really
what “do it for me” means. Because, if you want it done
right and you don’t want to do it yourself,
you’re going to have to follow a thinking process
that really will allow you to tell whoever it is that
is going to do whatever for you exactly
what you want done. Now that might sound simple, but what it suggests is that
you are really in charge of your own landscape. You are the landscape manager. You are the designer. You are the chooser of colors. You are the one who says,
” I like this style rather than that style.” If you don’t stop to
make those decisions and you simply say, “gosh,
I want somebody to come in and lay that sod or
somebody to come in and prune those shrubs”
and you do not give them good direction and
certainly choose wisely to begin with, you may
be very dissatisfied with the results. So let’s start with
thinking about what are some of those tasks that yes, you
could certainly do it yourself, but do you really want
somebody to do it for you. One of the ones of
course that comes to mind immediately is
cleanup that we talk about. Do you really want
to do it yourself? Do you want somebody else
to come in a do it for you? You have to tell them
what you want cleaned up and how so that they don’t
inadvertently take off all of your shrubs when you
really just wanted some of them pruned. Or take all the seed heads
off one of your perennials that you really want to re-seed
itself into the landscape. Maybe you could lay your own
sod if you need some new sod or do your own seeding. Well, if you want to
do your own sodding, do you want to bring in
the big roll by yourself and try to get it laid. Do you want to take
those little bitty pieces and then try to
pin them together. Where do you want that sod laid and then are you
going to be the one that is going to water
it, get it to knit so that you really have good turf? How about the actual pruning? This is one where
pruning is an art form and pruning is also a science. And we’re always surprised
by the number of people who really don’t
know how to prune and they certainly
don’t know when to prune and that does include
people you might want to have do it for you. So, certainly if
its arborous work, we’ve talked about this a lot. You wanna make sure
that you have someone who is certified, who
can climb that ladder, or climb that tree, make sure that that
is done in a safe way. The smaller pruning,
the shrub work, doing the hedging, doing the
removal of the old canes, doing the cut back
or the reduction. Again, if you know
what you’re doing, you can do it yourself. If you know what you’re
doing and you don’t want to do it yourself, you can
communicate that really well with somebody who
can do it for you. So you’re not actually
doing the labor, but what you are doing is
giving the good direction. One of the other “for
me” trends is containers. And we’re seeing this a lot which is rather than going
to the garden center, getting that container, figuring
out the media to put in it, picking out all the plants,
getting the plants planted. It can be one of two things. It’s either take that
container to a garden center or to your landscape
person who’s helping you. And then have them just
custom pot it for you or you can actually pick
the plants out themselves, say this is what I want in here, it comes back as a
finished product. Again, that’s a little
different way of engaging with your own landscape. Same thing happens
with laying a patio or building a raised bed. Those are tasks that a lot
of people can do themselves. Takes a little bit
of study on YouTube or again finding
the good information and weeding out the right
ways to do it versus the ways that you, yes you can get
it done but it’s not going to last very long. What you’re really going
to want to do is figure out exactly who is going
to do that work for you. How they’re going to get it done and then how you are going
to engage in the process. Are you going to give
them specific direction on the materials
or are you going to let them choose themselves and then come home
and it’s finished or are you going to say, “gosh choose some materials. Let me look at those then I
will decide as the homeowner or as the person in
charge of this project what I want done specifically.” The growing season
will soon be upon us. You can enhance your experience
by creatively thinking about the things
in your landscape you don’t want to do yourself. Thinking about how you
communicate with somebody else to do that for you
and then sitting back and enjoying the
fruits of their labor. It’s now time to talk
to a garden professional and today we’re going
to hear from Randy Wolf from Campbell’s nursery. Randy is going to tell us
about all the wonderful things about a new fruit that
they’re are growing in the garden center
called haskap. (light, upbeat music) It’s my pleasure to be
talking to Randy Wolf from Campbell’s Nursery
and Garden Center today about a really interesting
new plant or new to us and production and
what really is going on in the megatropolis of
Lincoln garden center world and really across the state, as you experience it, Randy. – Very happy to be here today. – So what is this plant
that you are actually going to talk about? What is it? – Well, it’s a small fruit. And it’s not new, but it’s
just kind of an unknown plant. We often times call
it honey berry, but if you start researching it, you find out it has
a multitude of names. The scientific name
is lonicera coerulea. Lonicera meaning it’s in
the honeysuckle family. And coerulea meaning it’s
a very dark blue berry, which it is. And like a lot of
berries and grapes, things like that, it does
have a kind of a white film over it, a bloom
as we would call it that just kind of
adds to the color and it’s an easy one
to grow really, so. – So, since it is easy,
why have we not seen it in the retail market in this
part of the state before? – It’s been used in other
parts of the world a lot. And now that we’re
seeing another group of immigrants in here
they’re wanting to grow it. It’s native to the Boreal
Forest or the northern parts of the northern hemisphere. The cooler climates. And so you know we don’t
think about something like that working in Nebraska. However, there’s a lot of
these in Northern Japan and Oregon State, a professor
at Oregon State has done a lot of work and she’s
developed some. They do pretty well
in our latitudes and so you’re gonna see
more and more of it. It’s a very, very
high in antioxidants. Much higher than blueberries and it has three
times the amount of vitamin C than
blueberries have. So, it can sometimes resemble
blueberries in flavor, but other people think it
tastes more like a blackberry, or even a raspberry. So, you’re gonna get different
opinions on the flavor. – So it’s male and
female plants, right? So you’re gonna have
to have one of each to be able to get the fruits? – Not necessarily
male and female but you will get
on most varieties you will get much
better pollination if you have two different cultivars or two different selections. And so it’s not unlike a lot
of our fruit in that regard, some of the apples
are that way and some of the other large fruits, but there are a few varieties
that are self-pollinator, they will produce fruit
just by themselves. However, we’re not talking
a large plant here. And so a couple or even three
or four plants might be good to have just if you like these, you’re just going to have
that much more production. These can be frozen. They can be dried. They can be canned. They can be made into preserves. Just about anything you would
normally use a blueberry or how you would
treat a blueberry. – Do they require the same
acid soil that blueberries do? – That’s one of the reasons
to grow honey berries is because they don’t. They will do just
fine in a high ph. In fact, up to
soil pHs of eight. – [Kim] Oh my goodness. – It’s extremely high, yes. And they’ll do quite low too so. They’re not that particular. Probably, like a lot
of plants, would prefer to have a nice of mulch on top and some uniform soil moisture. But other than that,
they’re not too particular. – So is this in your
mind going to be a plant that replaces the aronia craze? – It sure could. Like aronia it can be used to
make wine and things like that and of course it can be juiced. The aronia industry has
pickers and this is something that would have to be
developed for these. The nice thing about
honey berries is they’re getting harvested
in June a lot of times when strawberries are ripe, where the aronia waits
until fall or late summer to be harvested. But, that’s probably the one
big stumbling block right now. – So we will be
building a demand for these particular plants
just by talking about them. Do you anticipate this
being something that you are geared up for? Are you going to have
many of them available? Or will it be something that
this year people see it, want it, and then the
production starts. – In our garden centers, we’ll have some in larger plants that hopefully will entice
some people to get started. I look forward to
build over time and maybe some day
outsell the blueberries that we sell. I think if you had a local
producer producing it and selling it at a farmer’s
market, things like that, that would entice people to
plant it in their own yard. Because, it’s certainly
very easy to grow, has very few disease
or insect problems. And doesn’t get too big. It can be – [Kim] A landscape plant. – Yes. – Pretty landscape plant.
– Yes. Blooms kind of a yellowish
white flower earlier in the spring. And that’s another thing
local gardeners need to be concerned about. These Oregon State cultivars that have Japanese heritage
tend to bloom a little bit later in the spring so they’re
less likely to get caught by that late hard freeze
that we oftentimes get here. So, that’s going to
ensure a bigger crop, better crop later on. – Do we need to use
bird netting over these? – Yes, you will. (both laugh) – As always, right. – The birds know a good
thing when they see it and so, and that’s
another thing. I’m glad you brought that up. The berries are a little hard
to know when they’re ripe. And so when they’re
at a dark blue, you start sampling them. They taste acidic,
they’re not ready yet. And probably the birds will
be leaving them alone too. But when you start tasting
a good, sweet flavor to ’em, that’s when you want
to get the bird net out and be ready to have
a picking party. – Pick away and
go ahead and eat. – Yes. – Excellent. Well we will look forward to
trying them on campus as well so we can talk about
it and hopefully, we have all the people
who want to grow something that is both
beautiful and edible in their landscape can
give this one a try. – Right. And it’s a fairly
maintenance- free, no trimming necessary for
the first three, four years and then minimal
trimming after that. – That’s perfect too. All right. Thanks Randy. – You’re very welcome. – This really is
the time of the year when the garden centers and nurseries are
buzzing with activity to get ready for the big
spring gardening season. And of course it’s
amazing to hear about all the
interesting new plants, focus on one particular
plant that adds to the edible landscape and
the beauty of the landscape. So we will look forward to
actually adding those haskaps to our own backyard
farm or garden. We’ve been hearing from our
backyard farmer panelists this season as they answer your
frequently asked questions. So let’s take a few minutes
to hear from them again as they help you find solutions
to common questions. (light, upbeat music) – It’s always hard to say if it’s going to be another
Japanese beetle year that’s going to explode. But, lets prepare for that. So, we wanna see
what’s in our garden, what maybe was
attacked most last year and see if we can replace that with a less susceptible plant. Japanese beetles love
those linden trees. They love birch. They love grape and a
lot of the fruit trees. So, one of the things you can
do is if you have a plant, an ornamental that you
really want protected, you can do a treatment
of a systemic, but this needs to
done in April or May, early before the Japanese
beetles emerge from the soil. Something to think about. We always say around
Mother’s Day get something that’s labeled for
the Japanese beetle. And follow that label. Another thing you can do. If you know you have some
problems in your turf with white grubs, you can do a
preventative for white grubs. However, if you don’t have
white grubs in your yard or close by that
you can treat for, the beetles when they
emerge in June will be able to fly into your yard. So, I don’t recommend
any treatment for your turf unless
you are having problems with white grubs. Also, prepare to
have your soapy water and be able to pick off
the beetles as soon as they start emerging
from the soil which will be mid-June and that way you can
remove the beetles which usually attract
other beetles because their feeding stimulates the
plant to release chemicals to call all those other beetles. So if you notice this
year, the Japanese beetles, wherever one of them
landed first is the plant that normally got most attacked. So you wanna be out there. To be ready to pick those off, so they can go somewhere
else for the summer. So even though we don’t
know if it’s going to be a bad Japanese
beetle year, we want to prepare
and be ready and treat what is most important to us. (light, upbeat music) – When we plant them,
we wanna make sure that the root flair of the
tree is at the surface. So, you may have to dig
through the ball a little bit to find where the stem
starts to flair out to the root system and that’s
where we need to have that. So, making sure that we
don’t plant things too deep, really gets us a long way in
getting things started well for the plant. And I tend to err
on being a tad high. So and inch or so high. I feel a little bit
better about that. Making sure that we’re following
up good with watering as we go through that, after the tree is planted. You know, couple
of inches of mulch, those are all things to
get us off to a good start. If you’re planting
something that’s in a pot, when you pull the
plant out of the pot, take a look and make sure we
don’t have any circling roots that are going around
the outside of the ball. And those can either simply
be cut off and pulled out of there so we don’t
continue to have that action of those roots system
circling around itself, or if they’re not real arched, you can straighten them out, maybe do a little bit of
pruning on the root system. But doing some of that we’re
teasing those roots out at planting, again, kind of
helps us with the longevity of the plant. – Thanks to all our
panelists who contributed to the show this year. And don’t forget, Backyard
Farmer begins again in April when you’ll have a
chance to be sending in your own questions
to the show. As we wind down today’s program, we’re going to be talking a look at the pros and
cons of cutting back and cleaning up those
perennials in the landscape. It’s only natural to
want to get out there on those warmer days
and do a little cleanup, you might want to hold off
on that for the time being. We recently went to the
Backyard Farmer garden to show you want we mean. (light, upbeat music) Longer days and a
little bit of sunshine and of course those warm
temperatures that actually seem to have shown up
on the weekends, make gardeners want
to get outside, start cutting back, cleaning
up, getting ready for spring. Cautionary note, however,
this is still February, it’s almost March. We have a lot of late winter,
early spring left to come and doing too much cut
back, too much cleanup and too much opening
up of the soil and those plants to the elements can really cause problems
later in the landscape. So, one of the things that we
really recommend doing is if you do want to start
doing the cleanup, because of course in
a big garden like this it takes a long time, don’t cut everything all
the way back to the ground, go ahead and take
off a portion of it, but leave a part of the
plant material standing. That does a lot of good in terms of helping collect whatever
moisture we do get. It helps protect the
crowns of those plants from desiccation in
the winter months. And we have a lot of plants that have actually
already started to sprout. As an example, if you
have hardy chrysanthemums, they’re out of the
ground already. We have some of the sedums
that are out of the ground. And again, you want to make
sure that you are not exposing them too abruptly to
the elements with six or even eight weeks left
of this pretty brutal, windy, up and down weather
in spring in Nebraska. We all know what happens if we
don’t get our gutters cleaned out or the ends of
the down spouts. The same thing can happen
however with your rain garden if you have one,
or your bio-soil, and that would be
if you have pipes that are going under a rock
or are going under your patio or in our case under our
paths, those whole inlets and outlets can really get
clogged with plant debris and leaves and all sorts
of stuff and junk that blew in over the winter months. And, that can really be
damaging if we do end up getting pretty high intensity
rains that fill those ponds or fill those rain chain areas, that water cannot drain through, it’s going to set,
maybe soak in, maybe not, maybe overflow,
cause all sorts of issues. So, again this is a good
time to get down in there and at least pull some
of those leaves away from those inlets and outlets without totally
exposing everything. You can also see what happens
in this particular spot if we really do have
a lot of bare soil. And this is actually showing
the germination already of one of our common
annual plants that we had in the Backyard Farmer garden. Coming out of the
ground already, we have a set of true
leaves on some of these. Pretty cool to have
that completely exposed to these weather conditions. So, totally bared soil
is not a great idea in this kind of weather either. A lot of us have bulbs that
have already popped out of the ground in some
of those warmer days just like these tulips in
our Backyard Farmer garden. And the disadvantage
of that again is that is the temperature
spike and wind blows and we don’t have
any snow cover, they can really be
exposed to the elements. In addition, these
nice little chewy, luscious green chutes are
perfect for the taking by waskly rabbits
or other critters. So what you want to do perhaps, is make sure that you give
them a little bit of cover, cover that soil so that
it doesn’t blow or erode. Use maybe some of the
cuttings that you’ve taken from other areas of the
landscape or the garden. Kind of cover those a little
bit, keep them protected. And then of course as
always in the garden, we want to scout. Make sure that nothing
is going on that you really don’t
want to have happen, whether it’s critter damage or again erosion
or in footprints, stepping on those bulbs. Take care of that
when you see it and then get ready for spring. Mother Nature can be cruel and we all know
that’s especially It’s great to see some
of these bulbs poking out of the ground this time of
year to help them along. Some of that plant material
can really go a long ways to protecting them from
those late spring freezes. The growing season is
right around the corner. Take it easy and enjoy for now. We really had a great
time sharing our show with you this year. If you missed any
episodes, you can find them on the Backyard Farmer
YouTube channel. We do hope you’ll join
us for another great year on Backyard Farmer,
which is coming up the first week in April, right here on NET. So with that, good morning, good gardening. Thank you for joining us
for Lifestyle Gardening. (light, upbeat music)

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